Veracruz n : a major Mexican port on the Gulf of Mexico in the state of Veracruz
- A state of México.
LocationIt is located in the east-central part of the Gulf of Mexico country, between 17°10 and 22°38 North and between 93°55' and 98°38' West. It has a mainland area of and includes several islands in the Gulf of Mexico totalling a further .
Veracruz borders the states of Tamaulipas to the north, Oaxaca and Chiapas to the south, Tabasco to the southeast, Puebla, Hidalgo, and San Luis Potosí state of San Luis Potosi to the west, and the Gulf of Mexico to the east.
On the coastal plains and throughout most of the state, the climate is hot and humid. On the foothills of the mountains, the climate is cool and humid. The climate only becomes cold in the mountain regions, where it also rains copiously. Veracruz is occasionally affected by hurricanes from June through October.
This state has a tropical climate and impressive natural scenery, such as the Citlaltépetl Volcano, or Pico de Orizaba, the highest peak in the nation. You’ll also see picturesque cities and towns that have preserved their local architecture. Along the coast you can visit the Costa Esmeralda, a beach strip north of the port, and the archaeological zone of El Tajin, which also was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Its capital is Xalapa, located in the central western part of the state. With more than 7 million inhabitants, the state of Veracruz is the third most populous in the nation, after the Federal District and the State of Mexico.
HistoryIn April 1518, Juan de Grijalva disembarked on an islet near the shore that was called San Juan de Ulúa. On April 22, 1519 Hernan Cortez disembarked on Chalchihuecan beach, where he decided to found a village and form the first colonial settlement in Mexico. That day was Good Friday, the day of Holy Week known as the day of La Vera Cruz (True Cross) — hence he chose the name of La Villa Rica de la Vera Cruz.
It was from this base in August 1519 that Cortez began his course of conquest inland to Tenochtitlan, Mexico, while his subsidiary conquistador commanders pacified other regions that today shape the entity of Veracruz.
From this beginning, Veracruz as the entry point for conquest, became the principal point of communication and harbor between Spain and New Spain. From this port were shipped many products to Europe like cotton, rice, wheat, domestic animals, gun powder, textiles, wine and all the considerable produce from this rich colony and particular territory.
TourismIn pre-Hispanic era, Isla de Sacrificios (Sacrifice Island), was inhabited by the Totonacs and the Olmecs, and was named Chalchihuitlapazco. It was discovered in 1518 by Juan de Grijalva, during the exploration of the Gulf of Mexico. One of the largest islands around Boca del Río, this site is surrounded by a coral reef.
La Antigua was the second settlement after "La Villa Rica de la Veracruz". It is located 25 kilometers from Veracruz City. It features the house of Hernan Cortez. It is a small town that holds the oldest still-standing Catholic chapel built in the American continent.
Papantla was founded by Totonacs. It is located 198 meters above sea level between the Cazones and Tecolutla rivers.
LanguagesSpanish is the official and heavily dominant language in Veracruz. Nahuatl is still spoken and common use in some towns and zones like Zongolica, Papantla, Mixtequilla and Huayacocotla. There are minor areas of Italian speakers near Huatusco and Tuxtlas. Where Veneto is common use and there are a very few Greek speakers in towns near Rinconada they "gitanos". Although some people know essentials of English, mainly in commerces or touristic zones of big cities, locals never use it to communicate.
MunicipalitiesThe state of Veracruz is subdivided into 212 municipalities (municipios). See municipalities of Veracruz.
Veracruz in Arabic: ولاية فيراكروز
Veracruz in Bulgarian: Веракрус (щат)
Veracruz in Catalan: Estat de Veracruz
Veracruz in Danish: Veracruz (stat)
Veracruz in German: Veracruz (Bundesstaat)
Veracruz in Estonian: Veracruzi osariik
Veracruz in Spanish: Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave
Veracruz in Esperanto: Veracruz
Veracruz in Basque: Veracruz (Mexiko)
Veracruz in French: Veracruz
Veracruz in Galician: Estado de Veracruz
Veracruz in Indonesian: Veracruz (negara bagian)
Veracruz in Italian: Veracruz (stato)
Veracruz in Cornish: Veracruznah:Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave
Veracruz in Dutch: Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave
Veracruz in Japanese: ベラクルス州
Veracruz in Norwegian: Veracruz
Veracruz in Norwegian Nynorsk: Veracruz
Veracruz in Piemontese: Veracruz
Veracruz in Polish: Veracruz (stan)
Veracruz in Portuguese: Veracruz
Veracruz in Russian: Веракрус (штат)
Veracruz in Simple English: Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave
Veracruz in Serbian: Држава Веракруз
Veracruz in Finnish: Veracruz
Veracruz in Tagalog: Veracruz
Veracruz in Tajik: Иёлати Веракрус
Veracruz in Turkish: Veracruz, Meksika
Veracruz in Ukrainian: Веракрус (штат)
Veracruz in Chinese: 韋拉克魯斯州